What does the job of interior designer involve?
Interior decoration, a profession combining art and technique, fascinates with its ability to transform living spaces. But what does this profession really consist of?
History of the profession
The profession of interior designer, as we know it today, finds its origins in the decoration and layout of living and working spaces since Antiquity . At this time, decorative elements were often integrated into the architecture itself and reflected social status and cultural beliefs. Over the centuries, interior decoration has evolved, influenced by different artistic and architectural styles. In the Middle Ages, for example, the emphasis was on functionality, while the Renaissance saw a renewed interest in aesthetics and symmetry.
However, it was in the 18th century, with the emergence of Rococo and later Neoclassicism, that the craft really began to stand out. The decorators of the time, often from artistic backgrounds, paid particular attention to details and the harmony of colors and shapes . In the 19th and 20th centuries, with industrialization and technological progress, the profession became professionalized and diversified, integrating principles of modern design and functionality. Today, the interior designer combines these historical legacies with contemporary trends, creating spaces that reflect both the personality and functional needs of their clients.
The skills required
Creativity is at the heart of the profession, but it is accompanied by technical design skills, as well as an excellent ability to communicate and understand client needs.
The necessary training
To become an interior designer, specialized training is usually necessary . This training can be followed in art schools, design schools or universities offering courses in interior design. The course often begins with a basic diploma, such as a BTS (Brevet de Technicien Supérieur) in space design or a DMA (Diplôme des Métiers d'Art) in housing arts, in France. These two or three year courses allow you to acquire basic skills in technical drawing, art history, colorimetry, and 3D design .
After these diplomas, it is possible to continue with a license (Bachelor) or a master in interior design. These higher-level programs offer more in-depth training, covering aspects such as spatial psychology, ergonomics, sustainable development, and project management. They also offer internship opportunities in companies, essential for gaining practical experience.
What is the daily life of an interior designer like?
The daily life of an interior designer is varied and creative, involving both artistic and technical aspects. A typical day might start with checking emails and messages to coordinate ongoing projects. The decorator can then go to construction sites to monitor the progress of the work, meet with clients to discuss their needs or present design proposals.
A significant part of his work involves designing interior spaces. This involves creating plans, sketches, and 3D models to visualize the proposed developments. It must take into account the customer's wishes, ergonomics, aesthetics and budget. The selection of materials, colors, furniture and accessories is crucial and requires good knowledge of current trends and suppliers.
Meetings with clients, architects, craftsmen or suppliers are frequent to discuss project details. The decorator must also manage the administrative and financial aspects of her activity, such as writing quotes, invoicing or customer relationship management.
Monitoring new trends in interior design , participating in trade shows or reading specialized publications are also part of his daily life, allowing him to stay at the forefront of his field.
Finally, communication is a central aspect of this profession. Whether through social networks, its website or during meetings with customers….
The importance of the professional network
The importance of networking for an interior designer is essential. Indeed, the profession relies heavily on relationships of trust and collaboration with various professionals . A good network not only allows you to obtain client recommendations, but also to collaborate effectively with craftsmen, suppliers, and other building professionals, which is crucial for the realization of quality projects.
The job market
The job market for the interior designer profession is dynamic and offers several opportunities, although it is also competitive . This market varies based on several factors, including geographic location, economic trends, and changes in consumer preferences.
Interior designers can find opportunities in companies specializing in interior design, architectural firms, real estate agencies, construction companies, or even in furniture and decoration brands. Some choose to work freelance, offering greater flexibility but requiring the ability to build a clientele.
Tips for Beginners
For beginners in the profession of interior decorator, here are some valuable tips to get off to a good start and progress in this exciting career:
Tools of the trade
An interior designer uses a variety of tools to bring their visions and projects to life. These tools generally fall into two categories: physical tools and digital tools.
Physical tools such as: material samples, measuring roller and tape measure, sketchbook and pencils, a color palette, supplier catalogs.
Digital tools : CAD (Computer Aided Design) software, 3D modeling software, image processing software, project management applications, budgeting and invoicing software, file sharing platforms, social networks and tools online marketing.
Marketing Tips to Grow
To develop your presence in the market and make yourself known, it is essential for any professional, including an interior designer, to adopt effective personal marketing strategies. Here are a few tips :
Interior decoration, more than a profession, is a passion that enriches people's lives, with a promising and dynamic future.